There are 7 most common types of depression according to psychiatry, and based on the reference from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM V. This classification, of course, should be understood as flexible and updatable. In many cases, researchers only collect a set of outstanding features, but they can not cover them all.
Depression does not happen only in those whose lives are full of problems and sadness. Nobody is immune to such a painful disorder. If a person is depressed, every little thing hits them very hard and the problem is not seen as it really is.
"Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth living. More than just about of the blues, depression isn't a weakness and you can't simply "snap out" of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don't get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both."
(Mayo Clinic Staff)
Many patients with depression suffer from persistent sleep disorders, coupled with feelings of burned-out and exhaustion. This does not mean that long sleep or vacations are helpful when trying to fight and treat depression. For example, a sleep deprivation therapy, as it is offered in many clinics nowadays, has proven to be very effective antidepressant measure.
It is natural to be sad and moody from time to time. But, when does a normal and temporary emotion turn into a mental illness which doesn’t seem to go away?
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